You may be asked to take one or more medicines to treat blood pressure, diabetes, or high cholesterol levels. Follow your provider's directions closely to help prevent coronary artery disease from getting worse.
Goals for treating these conditions in people who have coronary artery disease:
The most commonly used blood pressure target for people with heart disease is below 140/90 mmHg, but sometimes less than 130/80.
If you have diabetes, your HbA1c levels will be monitored and brought down to the level your provider recommends.
Your LDL cholesterol level will be lowered with statin drugs.
Treatment depends on your symptoms and how severe the disease is. You should know about:
Everyone recovers differently. Some people can stay healthy by changing their diet, stopping smoking, and taking their medicines as prescribed. Others may need medical procedures such as angioplasty or surgery.
In general, early detection of CHD generally leads to a better outcome.
When to Contact a Medical Professional
If you have any risk factors for CHD, talk to your health care provider about prevention and possible treatment steps.
Call your health care provider, call the local emergency number (such as 911), or go to the emergency room right away if you have:
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Michael A. Chen, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington Medical School, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.