Mental confusion, change in the level of alertness, or coma (hepatic encephalopathy)
Other complications of liver cirrhosis
When to Contact a Medical Professional
If you have ascites, call your health care provider right away if you have:
Fever above 100.5°F (38.05°C), or a fever that does not go away
Blood in your stool or black, tarry stools
Blood in your vomit
Bruising or bleeding that occurs easily
Build-up of fluid in your belly
Swollen legs or ankles
Confusion or problems staying awake
Yellow color in your skin and the whites of your eyes (jaundice)
Garcia-Tsao G. Cirrhosis and its sequelae.In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman's Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 153.
Runyon BA. Ascites and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger & Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 93.
Runyon BA. AASLD Practice Guidelines Committee. Management of adult patients with ascites due to cirrhosis: Update 2012. American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases. 2013. PMID: 19475696 www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19475696.
Subodh K. Lal, MD, gastroenterologist at Gastrointestinal Specialists of Georgia, Austell, GA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.