Your doctor may recommend a cardiac rehabilitation program to you. This program will help you learn what foods to eat and exercises to do to stay healthy. Eating well and exercising will help you start feeling healthy again.
Getting Started with Your Exercise
Before you start to exercise, your doctor may have you do an exercise test. You should get exercise recommendations and an exercise plan. This may happen before you leave the hospital or soon afterward. Do not change your exercise plan before talking with your health care provider. The amount and intensity of your activity will depend on how active you were before the heart attack and how severe your heart attack was.
Take it easy at first:
Walking is the best activity when you start exercising.
Walk on flat ground for a few weeks at first.
You can try bike riding after a few weeks. Walk your bike up any hills, or ride a stationary bike in an easy gear.
If it is windy, walk or bike with the breeze behind you.
Do not walk outside if it is very cold or very hot. Go to a shopping mall and do your walking inside.
Slowly increase how long you exercise at any one time. If you are up to it, repeat the activity 2 or 3 times during the day. You may want to try this very easy exercise schedule (but ask your doctor first):
Week 1: about 5 minutes at a time
Week 2: about 10 minutes at a time
Week 3: about 15 minutes at a time
Week 4: about 20 minutes at a time
Week 5: about 25 minutes at a time
Week 6: about 30 minutes at a time
After 6 weeks, you may be able to start swimming, but stay out of very cold or very hot water. You can also begin playing golf. Start easily with just hitting balls. Add to your golfing slowly, playing just a few holes at a time. Avoid golfing in very hot or cold weather.
You can do some things around the house to stay active, but always ask your provider first. Avoid a lot of activity on days that are very hot or cold. Some people will be able to do more after a heart attack. Others may have to start more slowly. Increase your activity level gradually by following these steps.
You may be able to cook light meals by the end of your first week. You can wash dishes or set the table if you feel up to it.
By the end of the second week you may start doing very light housework, such as making your bed. Go slowly.
After 4 weeks, you may be able to:
Iron -- start with only 5 or 10 minutes at a time
Shop, but do not carry heavy bags or walk too far
Do short periods of light yard work
By 6 weeks, your doctor may allow you to do more activities, such as heavier housework and exercise, but be careful.
Try not to lift or carry anything that is heavy, such as a vacuum cleaner or pail of water.
If any activities cause chest pain, shortness of breath, or any of the symptoms you had before or during your heart attack, stop doing them right away. Tell your health care provider.
When to Call the Doctor
Call your health care provider if you feel:
Pain, pressure, tightness, or heaviness in the chest, arm, neck, or jaw
Shortness of breath
Gas pains or indigestion
Numbness in your arms
Sweaty, or if you lose color
Also call if you have angina and it:
Occurs more often
Occurs when you are not active
Does not get better when you take your medicine
These changes may mean your heart disease is getting worse.
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Michael A. Chen, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Harborview Medical Center, University of Washington Medical School, Seattle, WA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.