Removal of part of the stomach (gastrectomy) or small intestine
People who travel to third-world or developing countries can get diarrhea from unclean water or food that isn't handled safely. Plan ahead by learning the risks and treatment for traveler's diarrhea before your trip.
Over-the-counter supplements that contain healthy bacteria may help prevent diarrhea caused by taking antibiotics. These are called probiotics. Yogurt with active or live cultures is also a good source of these healthy bacteria.
The following healthy steps can help you prevent illnesses that cause diarrhea:
Wash your hands often, especially after going to the bathroom and before eating.
When traveling to underdeveloped areas, follow the steps below to avoid diarrhea:
Drink only bottled water and do not use ice, unless it is made from bottled or purified water.
Do NOT eat uncooked vegetables or fruits that do not have peels.
Do NOT eat raw shellfish or undercooked meat.
Do NOT consume dairy products.
Schiller RL, Sellin JH. Diarrhea. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 9th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2010:chap 15.
Semrad CE. Approach to the patient with diarrhea and malabsorption. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman's Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 142.
Jennifer K. Lehrer, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Frankford-Torresdale Hospital, Aria Health System, Philadelphia, PA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.